Journal of Water Engineering and Management

( International Peer-reviewed Journal )

Characterization of Biophysical Parameters of South Bihar using Satellite data

Suvam Patra1, Prafull Singh1, Neha Dwivedi2, Anindita S. Chaudhuri3

1 Remote Sensing & Groundwater Modeling Lab,

Department of Geology, Central University South Bihar, Gaya, India

2Department of Environmental Sciences, Central University of Jharkhand, Brambe, Ranchi

3Department of Geography, Indraprastha College for Women University of Delhi

Corresponding author: Dr. Prafull Singh, Central University Gaya 824236, India,




Received on: May 25, 2023

Revised on: August 26 2023

Accepted on: August 31, 2023


In the present research work, an attempt has been made to characterize the biophysical parameters in the South Bihar region of eastern India using remotely sensed data and GIS techniques to understand the terrain conditions. The Landsat-8 satellite images have been used to measure vegetation cover, soil moisture, surface water and hydrogeomorphological parameters of the terrain and their conditions. All the terrain parameters were classified using the standard band combination to create the Indices which shown the density of land use/ land cover along with field hydrological and meteorological data to understand the rainfall distribution of the region. The primary findings from the present work shown important characters and distribution of all the biophysical parameters such NDVI, NDWI, NDMI, SAVI and rainfall provides very important information about the terrain for further detail investigation to see the long term impact if natural and manmade activity on climate and natural resources of the region.


Keywords: Characterization, Biophysical Parameters, GIS, Satellite images.


Scroll to Top